Monstera Plant Care for Beginners: How to Keep Your Plant Healthy

Monstera plants, also known as Swiss cheese plants, are popular indoor plants. The Monstera plant is a beautiful and unique addition to any home.

But like all plants, they need the proper care in order to thrive. If you’re looking for tips on how to keep your Monstera plant alive and healthy, you’ve come to the right place.

In this article, we’ll give you an overview of the basic care requirements for a Monstera plant. We will cover topics such as watering, fertilizing, soil, light, Temperature, Humidity, Pruning, Pests, and repotting.

We’ll also share some expert tips on how to deal with common problems that can occur with these plants. By the end, you’ll be a Monstera deliciosa plant care expert.

Here are some detailed instructions on Monstera Plant Care, so let's get started.

The Basics of Monstera Swiss Cheese Plant Care.

Monstera plants, also known as Swiss cheese plants, are tropical plants that have become very popular as indoor plants due to their unique, attractive appearance. If you're new to caring for a Monstera plant, here are some basic tips to get you started.

Lighting Requirements

Monstera plants are a popular choice for indoor gardening due to their uniqueness. However, one of the most important aspects of caring is the light requirement for the Monstera.

First and foremost, it's important to understand that Monstera plants are native to the tropical rainforests of Central America, where they grow on the forest floor beneath the canopy of larger trees.

Light requirement of monstera plant

As a result, they are adapted to low to medium levels of light and prefer bright but indirect light.

Direct sunlight can be harmful to Monstera plants, as their leaves are sensitive to the sun's rays and can easily become scorched or damaged.

Self watering planter for monstera

This is why it's best to place your Monstera plant in a location that receives bright, indirect light, such as near a north-facing window or in a room with plenty of natural light but without direct sunlight.

You can supplement with artificial lighting if you don't have access to a well-lit room or your Monstera plant isn't receiving enough natural light.

LED grow lights are a popular option for indoor gardening, as they provide the necessary wavelengths of light for photosynthesis and growth without producing excess heat.

It's also important to consider the duration and intensity of the light your Monstera plant receives. To thrive, Monstera plants require around 6-8 hours of light daily.

Finally, it's worth noting that Monstera plants are sensitive to changes in light and can suffer from shock if they are suddenly exposed to a new light source or if their light exposure is severely reduced.

If you need to move your Monstera plant to a new location with different lighting conditions, be sure to do so gradually over a few days to allow the plant to adjust.

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Watering Requirements

watering is a crucial aspect of Monstera care, and proper watering habits can make or break the plant's health and long life. Here are some important things to remember regarding watering requirements for Monstera plants.

How often to water monstera plant


Watering Frequency: First and foremost, it's essential to understand that the watering frequency for Monstera plants depends on various factors, including the size of the plant, the size of the pot, the type of soil, and the temperature and humidity levels in the room.

Generally, Monstera plants prefer to be kept moderately moist but not overly saturated. Therefore, it's best to water Monstera plants when the top inch of the soil feels dry.

hanging planter for indoor plants

Depending on the conditions, this could be anywhere from once a week to once every two or three weeks. It's crucial not to follow a strict watering schedule but to pay attention to the plant's needs and adjust accordingly.

Risks of Over-Watering and Under-Watering

Over-watering and under-watering in monstera are two common mistakes that Monstera plant owners make, and both can lead to severe damage to the plant.

Over-watering can cause the roots to rot, leading to yellowing leaves, wilting, and even plant death. On the other hand, under-watering can cause the plant to become dehydrated, leading to brown, crispy leaves and stunted growth.

Therefore, it's crucial to strike a balance between the two and avoid overcompensating for under-watering by over-watering.

Tips on How to Water the Plant Properly

  • Use a Well-Draining Potting Mix: The first step to properly watering a Monstera plant is to use a well-draining potting mix that allows excess water to drain away from the roots. This prevents the roots from sitting in water for too long, which can cause root rot.
  • Water Thoroughly: It's essential to water the plant thoroughly, allowing the water to soak through the soil and out the drainage holes. This ensures that all the soil is evenly moistened, which is important for encouraging healthy growth.
  • Water in the Morning or Afternoon: When watering your Monstera plant, it's best to do so in the morning or early afternoon, allowing time for any excess water,Especially before nighttime when temperatures drop.

Humidity &Temperatures Requirements

Monstera plants are native to tropical rainforests and require high humidity to thrive. Here are some important things to remember regarding Monstera plants' humidity requirements.

Ideal Humidity Level: The ideal humidity level for a Monstera plant is between 60% and 80%. If the air is too dry, the plant's leaves may turn brown and crispy at the edges, and the growth rate may slow.

On the other hand, if the air is too humid, the plant may develop fungal diseases, and the leaves may become droopy and yellow. You can take several steps to maintain the right humidity level for your Monstera plant.

Monstera plants thrive in warm temperature conditions, ideally between 65°F and 85°F (18°C to 29°C). These plants are sensitive to cold temperatures and can experience damage or even death if exposed to temperatures below 50°F (10°C) for an extended period.

Here are some tips to keep in mind.

  1. Humidifier: Another option is to use a humidifier to increase the overall humidity level in your home. It helps to increase the moisture in the air, creating a perfect environment for your Monstera plant. You can use a small desktop humidifier or a larger one for your entire room or home.
  1. Group your plants: Grouping your Monstera plant with other plants can create a microclimate, where the moisture from one plant leaves and increases the humidity level for the others. This is especially useful if you have several plants in one room.
  1. Misting: Misting your Monstera plant's leaves with water effectively temporarily increases humidity. However, you should avoid misting too often, which can lead to fungal growth.
  1. Watering: Regularly watering your Monstera plant can also help increase the humidity level. However, you should be careful not to overwater, which can lead to root rot.
  1. Use a pebble tray: A pebble tray is a shallow tray filled with pebbles and water. Placing your Monstera plant on top of the tray allows the water to evaporate around the plant, increasing the humidity level.

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Soil Requirements

Swiss cheese is a beautiful plant known for its large, glossy leaves and unique perforations, making them a true statement piece in any home or garden. However, it is important to understand Monstera soil requirements to keep your Monstera plant healthy and vibrant.

soil for monstera plant
  1. Soil Type: Monstera plants do well in well-draining soil rich in organic matter. A mixture of peat moss, perlite, and vermiculite is an excellent choice for Monstera plants. This soil type will provide the nutrients and moisture retention that Monstera plants require to thrive.

If you're looking for a soil alternative for your indoor plants, you might want to consider using Leca balls. They provide excellent drainage and aeration for plant roots, which can help prevent overwatering and root rot.

For a reliable way to ensure healthy growth for your Monstera plants, consider Planterhoma's Leca ball soil. With its high-quality products and affordable prices, you can trust Planterhoma to provide everything you need to keep your indoor plants healthy and happy.

  1. pH Level: The ideal pH level for Monstera plants is between 5.5 and 7.0. Soil that is too acidic or alkaline can hinder the plant's ability to absorb nutrients and lead to stunted growth or yellowing leaves. A pH meter can be used to test the soil's pH level.
  1. Moisture Requirements: Monstera plants require moist soil, not waterlogged soil. Overwatering can lead to root rot and other fungal diseases, so letting the soil dry out slightly between watering is important. The watering frequency will depend on the size of the plant, the humidity level, and the environment's temperature.

Fertilizing Requirements

Monstera plants require certain nutrients to thrive, and fertilizer is a crucial part of their care regimen. Here we’ll discuss the fertilizer requirements of Monstera plants and provide some tips on keeping them healthy and vibrant.

Before we go into the specifics of Monstera fertilizer, it’s important to understand the nutritional needs of these plants. Like all plants, Monstera plants require three primary nutrients: nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K).

These nutrients play a vital role in the growth and development of the plant, and deficiencies in any of these elements can lead to stunted growth, discoloration, and even death.

These elements are essential for healthy growth, and deficiencies can lead to various issues, including leaf curling, yellowing, and discoloration.

Choosing the Right Fertilizer for Your Monstera Plant

When it comes to choosing the right fertilizer for your Monstera plant, there are a few things to keep in mind. First, look for a fertilizer with a balanced NPK ratio. T

his means the fertilizer should contain roughly equal amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. A balanced fertilizer will help to provide the plant with all the nutrients it needs for healthy growth and development.

Fertilizer Types for Monstera Plants.

When it comes to fertilizers for Monstera plants, there are two main types to choose from: organic and synthetic. Organic fertilizers are made from natural sources and provide slow-release nutrients to the plant.

They're typically less concentrated than synthetic fertilizers and require more frequent application. Organic fertilizers are a great choice for those who want to nourish their Monstera plants without worrying about chemical additives.

Pruning of Monstera plants

Pruning is essential for the growth and health of your Monstera plant. Pruning is removing unwanted or dead plant material to promote growth and maintain the plant's health.

When it comes to Monstera plants, pruning is essential for several reasons. First, it helps to control the size of the plant. Monstera plants can grow quite large if left unchecked, and pruning can help keep them at a manageable size.

Second, pruning promotes healthy growth by removing dead or diseased foliage. This allows the plant to redirect its energy to new growth, ensuring it remains healthy and vibrant.

Lastly, pruning Monstera plants can help to shape and train them. Removing certain leaves or stems can encourage the plant to grow in a specific direction or shape, creating a more aesthetically pleasing appearance.

When to Prune Monstera Plants?

The best time to prune Monstera plants is in the spring and summer when they are actively growing. This allows the plant to recover quickly and begin producing new growth.

Avoid pruning during the fall and winter months, as this is when Monstera plants tend to slow down their growth and may not recover as quickly from pruning.

Tips for Pruning Your Monstera Plant

Here are a few tips to keep in mind when pruning your Monstera plant.

  • Always use sharp, clean tools to prevent damage to the plant.
  • Take your time, and don't rush the process.
  • It is recommended to avoid excessive trimming at once as it can cause stress to the plant.
  • Don't be afraid to prune your Monstera plant. Pruning is essential to keep it healthy and looking its best.

Propagation of Monstera plants

The process of propagating plants is the creation of new ones from existing ones. This can be done through a variety of methods, such as cuttings, division, or seed propagation. For Monstera plants propagation, the most common method is through stem cuttings.


Method 1: Water Propagation: A common method of propagating Monstera plants is through water. To begin, find a healthy stem on your Monstera plant and cut it just below a node (the point where the leaf meets the stem).

Ensure the cutting's node is fully immersed by placing it in a water-filled jar or vase. Change the water every few days and place the jar in a bright, indirect light.

After a few weeks, you should start to see roots forming. After the roots have grown several inches in length, it is possible to transplant the cutting into the soil.

Method 2: Soil Propagation: Soil propagation is another popular method for propagating Monstera plants. Start by taking a healthy stem cutting like in the water propagation method.

Make a small hole in the center of a pot and fill it with well-draining soil. Dip the cut end of the stem in rooting hormone and place it in the hole. Apply strong pressure to the soil surrounding the stem to guarantee its stability.

Make sure to evenly saturate the soil with water and position the pot in a well-lit area not exposed to direct sunlight. During the next few weeks, you should see new growth appear if you ensure the soil is moist but not soggy.


Method 3: Air Layering Propagation: Air layering is a less common method for propagating Monstera plants, but it is effective. This method involves creating a small wound on the plant's stem and then placing it in a moist environment, allowing roots to grow before separating it from the parent plant.

To begin, select a healthy stem and make a small wound by scraping away some of the bark. Surround the wound with moist sphagnum moss and wrap it with plastic wrap to keep it moist.

After a few weeks, you should see roots growing from the wound. Once the roots are a few inches long, cut the stem below the wound and pot it in the soil.

Common Problems of Monstera Plants & its Solution

Monstera plants are known for their large and unique leaves. It is easy to care for and thrives in a variety of indoor environments. However, monstera plants can face problems that need attention like any other plant. This section will discuss the common problems of monstera plants and their solutions.

1. Yellowing Leaves

Yellowing leaves are a common problem for monstera plants, and it usually happens due to overwatering. Overwatering can cause root rot in monstera leaves, which prevents the plant from absorbing nutrients and water.

To fix this issue, remove the affected leaves and reduce watering. Waiting for the soil to dry before watering it again is recommended.

solve yellow leave problem

A self-watering planter could be the perfect solution if you're concerned about overwatering your Monstera plant. With a self-watering planter, you can easily provide your plant with the right amount of moisture without the risk of waterlogging the soil.

This helps prevent overwatering and ensures your plant stays hydrated for longer periods, making it an ideal solution for busy plant owners.


Planterhoma offers a range of high-quality self-watering planters that are perfect for Monstera plants, so you can easily find the right one for your needs.

2. Brown Tips

Brown spots on Monstera leaves

If the tips of your monstera plant's leaves are turning brown, it could be due to too much direct sunlight or dry air. To solve this issue, move your plant away from direct sunlight or place it in a humid area. You can also mist the leaves regularly to increase humidity levels.

3. Pests

Monstera plants can attract pests like spider mites and mealybugs. These pests can cause damage to the leaves, making them look distorted and unhealthy. You can use anti-insect soap or neem oil to get rid of pests. Alternatively, you can wipe the leaves with a damp cloth regularly to prevent infestation.

4. Wilting

If your monstera plant is wilting, it could be due to under watering or overexposure to direct sunlight. Ensure to water your plant regularly and avoid placing it in direct sunlight for extended periods. You can also move your plant to a shadier area to prevent wilting.

5. Root Bound

Monstera plants can quickly become root-bound, which means the roots have outgrown the pot and need more space. To solve this issue, repot your monstera in a larger container.

Make sure to use well-draining soil and water your plant regularly after repotting. Moreover, monstera plants are easy to care for but face various problems that need attention. Identifying and solving these common issues can help your Monstera plant thrive and grow healthy leaves.

How to Care for Monstera in Winter

It's essential to care for your Monstera plant during the winter months to ensure its survival and continued growth. By following these simple steps, you can ensure that your Monstera plant thrives throughout the winter season.

  • Reduce Watering Frequency: During the winter months, the growth of your Monstera will slow down, and you should reduce the watering frequency. Make sure that the top inch of soil is dry before you water the plant again.
  • Avoid Cold Drafts: Be sure to keep your Monstera away from cold drafts, as this can cause damage to the leaves and roots.
  • Adequate Sunlight: Provide your Monstera with sufficient indirect sunlight to ensure healthy growth. You may need to adjust its location to find the best spot with adequate light exposure.
  • Increase Humidity Levels: Increasing humidity around your Monstera can help keep it healthy. You can do this by using a humidifier or placing a tray of water and pebbles near the plant.
  • Monitor Your Plant: Finally, it’s important to monitor your plant and ensure it’s not too cold or dry. If the leaves start to turn yellow or the stems become limp, you may need to make adjustments to its care.


Monstera plants are an excellent addition to any home or office space but require proper care to remain healthy and thrive. Following the tips above, you can keep your Monstera plant healthy, lush, and beautiful for years.

Remember to give your plant enough sunlight, water it regularly, and provide it with the right nutrients. With a little attention and care, you can enjoy the beauty and benefits of your Monstera plant for a long time.


Does Monstera Need Full Sun?

No, Monstera does not need full sun. They prefer bright, indirect light and can even tolerate low-light conditions. Too much direct sunlight can cause their leaves to burn or turn yellow.

Is Monstera a Good Indoor Plant?

Yes, Monstera is a great indoor plant. It is known for its large, beautiful leaves that can add a tropical touch to any home or office space. Plus, it is relatively low-maintenance and can thrive in various lighting conditions. Just be sure to avoid overwatering and provide ample space for the plant to grow.

Why Do Monstera Leaves Turn Brown?

Monstera leaves may turn brown for several reasons, including overwatering, underwatering, low humidity, direct sunlight, pests, or diseases. Proper care and attention can help prevent the browning of Monstera leaves.

How Much Light Does a Monstera Need?

A monstera plant needs bright, indirect light for optimal growth but tolerates low-light conditions.

Does Monstera Need Full Sun?

No, Monstera plants do not require full sun. They prefer bright, indirect light and can even tolerate low-light conditions. Direct sunlight can damage the leaves and cause them to burn.

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