African Violet Care: Complete Beginners Guide

The African violet is a beautiful and popular flowering plant that is native to Africa. They are known for their delicate flowers and lush foliage and are a popular choice for indoor gardens.

While African violets are not difficult to care for, there are a few things you need to do to ensure that your plant stays healthy and blooms regularly.

In this article, we will discuss everything you need to know about African violet care; We will cover topics such as watering, lighting, fertilizing, propagating and repotting, and more.

We will also provide some tips on common problems and how to avoid them. By the end of this article, you will know everything you need about caring for African violets.

Keep reading African violet care instructions.

How to Care for African Violets Indoors

African violets are beautiful and delicate plants that are beloved by many. They are known for their stunning, colorful flowers and soft, velvety leaves. If you are thinking of adding an African violet to your collection, it is important to know the basics of African violet care outdoors & indoors to ensure that your plant thrives.

Here are some tips to help you get started.

Lighting Requirements

African Violets can add a touch of beauty to any indoor space. However, providing the right amount and type of light is crucial to keep these plants healthy and thriving.

Here we will discuss the lighting requirements for African violets and how to ensure your plant gets the light it needs to grow and thrive.

Read More About other Plants

Prayer Plant Care

Natural Light

African violets require bright, indirect light to grow and flower. They are sensitive to direct sunlight, which can cause their leaves to burn and wilt. Therefore, it is best to place them in a location where they can receive filtered natural light.

North-facing windows are ideal as they provide bright, indirect light without direct sunlight. East and west-facing windows can also work, but monitoring the amount of direct sunlight they receive and adjusting accordingly is essential.

Artificial Light

If you do not have a suitable location with natural light or live in an area with limited sunlight, you can use artificial light to provide your African violet with the light it needs.

There are several types of artificial lighting that you can use to grow African violets, including fluorescent lights, LED lights, and grow lights.

Fluorescent Lights

Fluorescent lights are a popular choice for growing African violets as they are affordable and readily available. They are also energy-efficient and provide the right type of light that these plants need to grow and bloom.

When using fluorescent lights, placing them close to the plants, approximately 8 to 10 inches away, and keeping them on for 12-16 hours per day is essential.

LED Lights

LED lights are another type of artificial lighting that can be used to grow African violets. They are energy-efficient and provide a full spectrum of light similar to natural sunlight.

When using LED lights, selecting the right color, temperature, and intensity is important to ensure your plant receives the right light.

Most LED grows lights come with instructions on how to use them for optimal results. In short, African violets are beautiful and delicate plants that require the right amount and type of light to grow and thrive.

Whether you provide them with natural light or use artificial lighting, it is essential to monitor the amount and type of light they receive to ensure optimal growth and blooming.

Watering Frequency

The frequency of watering your African violets will depend on several factors, including the size of the plant, the size of the pot, and the humidity level in your home.

self watering planter for african violet

In general, African violets should be watered when the soil is just barely dry to the touch. This is usually around once per week, but it could be more or less frequent, depending on your specific situation.

Tips for Watering African Violets

Here are a few additional tips to keep in mind when watering your African violets.

  • Use room temperature water. Cold water can shock the roots and cause damage to the plant.
  • Avoid getting water on the leaves. Wet leaves can lead to fungal diseases and other issues.
  • Use a well-draining soil mix. African violets require soil that can hold moisture without becoming waterlogged. Look for a soil mix that contains peat moss, vermiculite, and perlite.
  • Monitor your plants closely. African violets are sensitive to changes in their environment and may require adjustments to your watering schedule or method.

Potting and Soil Requirements.

African violets are popular houseplants that require proper potting and soil to thrive.

In this part, we will discuss the potting and soil requirements for African violets in more detail.

Potting Requirements

There are a few key factors to consider when potting African violets. First and foremost, choosing a pot that's the right size for your plant is important. African violets prefer to be slightly root-bound, so choosing a pot slightly larger than the root ball is best.

In addition to size, choosing a pot deep enough to accommodate the long taproot of African violets is important. A pot that's too shallow can cause the taproot to grow sideways, leading to stunted growth and other issues.

Finally, it's important to choose a pot with good drainage. African violets are sensitive to overwatering, so a pot with drainage holes will help prevent water from sitting in the soil and causing root rot.

African Violet Repotting and Maintenance.

African violets should be repotted every 12 months or when the roots have filled the pot and the plant becomes root-bound. When repotting, it's important to use fresh soil and a pot that's just slightly larger than the current pot.


To report an African violet, gently remove the plant from its existing pot and remove any dead or damaged roots. Place the plant in the new pot and fill the space around the roots with fresh soil, being careful not to bury the crown.

In short, potting African violets is not rocket science, but it requires careful consideration of the container size, soil mix, and potting procedure. With proper care and maintenance, African violets bloom year-round, adding beauty and color to your home.

Soil Requirements

African violets require a specific type of soil designed for their unique needs. The ideal soil for African violets is a well-draining, slightly acidic mix with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0.

A few different types of soil mixes work well for African violets. One popular option is a mix of peat moss, perlite, and vermiculite, which provides good drainage while retaining moisture.

When choosing a soil mix, avoiding heavy soils that retain too much moisture is important, as this can lead to root rot and other issues.

It's also important to avoid using regular potting soil, which is often too heavy and doesn't provide the well-draining environment that African violets need.

If you're looking for the perfect soil for your African violets, Leca balls are an excellent choice. Planterhoma offers the best-growing solution for African violets with Leca balls.

These clay balls are the perfect soil alternative, providing excellent aeration, drainage, and moisture retention, promoting healthy root growth, and preventing overwatering.

With Planterhoma's selection of Leca balls, you can ensure that your African violets have the best growing environment to thrive and bloom.

Temperature Requirements

like any other plant, African violets have specific temperature requirements that must be met for them to thrive. Here we will discuss the temperature requirements of African violets and how you can ensure your plants are happy and healthy.

Ideal Temperature Range for African Violets

African violets require temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. They are sensitive to temperature changes, so you should avoid placing them in areas where the temperature varies significantly, such as near windows or doors.

If the temperature drops below 60°F (15°C), African violets may stop growing or even die. On the other hand, if the temperature rises above 80°F (27°C), the plants may become stressed and wilt and their leaves may turn yellow.

Light and Temperature

Temperature and light are closely related when it comes to African violets. These plants require bright, indirect light to thrive. However, the leaves may become scorched or damaged if the temperature is too high.

To avoid this, place your African violets in an area where they will receive bright, indirect light but where the temperature will not exceed 80°F (27°C). You can also use lightweight curtains to filter the light and prevent it from becoming too intense.

Temperature and Watering

Temperature also affects the way you water your African violets. When the temperature is high, the soil may dry out quickly, and you may need to water your plants more frequently.

On the other hand, when the temperature is low, the soil may retain more moisture, and you may need to water less frequently. By ensuring that your African violets are kept within their ideal temperature range and providing the right amount of light and water, you can enjoy these beautiful plants in your home for many years.

Humidity Requirements

African violets are native to tropical regions of Africa and require high humidity to thrive. Ideally, the humidity levels around your African violets should be between 70 and 80 percent. This can be achieved through a combination of methods, including using a humidifier, grouping plants, and placing a tray of water nearby.


A humidifier can be a great investment if you have a larger growing area or multiple African violets. Humidifiers can help maintain the ideal humidity levels for your plants and benefit your health by adding moisture to the air. Be sure to place the humidifier away from your plants and refill it as needed to maintain proper humidity levels.

Grouping Plants

Another way to increase the humidity around your African violets is to group them. When plants are near one another, they release moisture into the air through a process called transpiration. This can help raise the humidity levels around your plants without additional effort.

Trays of Water

Placing a tray of water near your African violets can also help increase the humidity levels in their growing area. As the water leaves, it will add moisture to the air and help keep your plants healthy. Keep the tray filled with fresh water, and avoid placing it directly under your plants to prevent over-watering.

Tips for Maintaining Proper Humidity Levels.

In addition to these methods, there are a few other tips to keep in mind when trying to maintain proper humidity levels for your African violets.

  • Keep your plants away from drafts or air conditioning vents, which can dry out the air and lower humidity levels.
  • Use a hygrometer to monitor the humidity levels in your growing area and adjust your methods as needed.
  • Ensure you don't overwater your African violets, which can cause root rot.

Following these tips and maintaining proper humidity levels can help your African violets thrive and bloom throughout the year.

Propagation of African violets

The process of propagating plants is the creation of new plants by taking cuttings from existing ones. In the case of African violets propagation can be done through various methods, including leaf-cutting and stem-cutting.

Leaf Cutting

African violets are most commonly propagated by leaf cutting, one of the most popular methods.

  • Choose a healthy leaf from your African violet plant. It should be firm and free from any signs of damage or diseases.
  • Cut the leaf stem about 1-2 inches from the base of the leaf.
  • Place the leaf stems in a jar of water or planting medium. If you're using water, ensure the bottom of the stem is In the water, and the top of the leaf is above the waterline. If you're using the planting medium, make a hole in the soil and insert the stem.
  • Ensure the jar or pot is kept in a bright, warm place away from direct sunlight.
  • In a few weeks, you should see new roots and tiny leaves sprouting from the base of the stem. You can now transplant the new plant into a separate pot.

Stem Cutting

Another way to propagate African violets is through stem cutting. Here's how to do it.

  • Choose a healthy stem from your African violet plant. It should be 3-4 inches long and have a few leaves attached.
  • Cut the stem at a 45-degree angle using a clean, sharp knife or scissors.
  • After removing the lower leaves, only two or three leaves should remain on the stem.
  • Fill a pot with well-draining potting soil and plant the stem cutting there.
  • Ensure the pot is in a bright, warm place but not directly in the sun.
  • You should see new roots and leaves growing from the stem in a few weeks. You can now transplant the new plant into a separate pot.

Tips for Propagation

  • Use a clean, sharp knife or scissors to make your cuts. It is possible for bacteria to enter the plant when dirty or dull tools are used.
  • Ensure that the planting medium is well-draining. African violets don't like to sit in water, so be careful not to overwater them.
  • Keep the newly propagated plants away from direct sunlight. Too much light can damage the new growth and cause the plant to wither.
  • Be patient. It can take several weeks or even months for the new plants to establish and grow.

Propagation is an excellent way to multiply your African violet collection. The process is relatively easy whether you choose leaf cutting or stem cutting. You can create a new generation of beautiful, healthy African violets to enjoy in your home with patience and care.

African Violet Fertilizer Requirements.

To keep African violets thriving, it's essential to provide them with the right fertilizers. Firstly, it's imperative to understand that African violets are sensitive to over-fertilization and should not be over-fertilized.

Too much fertilizer can burn the roots and lead to stunted growth or death. Therefore, it's crucial to use fertilizers sparingly and only when necessary.

When choosing a fertilizer for African violets, there are a few things to consider. A fertilizer's type is the first factor to consider. Chemical fertilizers and organic fertilizers are the two main types.

Plants can quickly absorb chemical fertilizers because they're made from synthetics. Unlike organic fertilizer, which releases nutrients slowly over time, organic fertilizer comes from natural materials.

It is generally recommended to use organic fertilizers when it comes to African violets. They are gentler on the plant and do not cause a buildup of salt in the soil, which can harm the roots.

The nutrient ratio is another factor to consider when choosing a fertilizer. African violets require a balanced fertilizer containing equal amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium (NPK). Look for a fertilizer with an NPK 20-20-20.

When it comes to applying fertilizer, less is more. African violets must only be fertilized monthly during their growing season (usually spring and summer).

Use a thin solution of fertilizer (1/4 to 1/2 strength) and apply it directly to the soil. Avoid getting fertilizer on the leaves, as this can cause burns.

Common Problems and Their Solutions

African violets are popular houseplants loved for their beautiful blooms and easy care requirements. Nevertheless, as with any plant, African violets can encounter common problems that can impact their health and appearance.

listed below African violets care and problems

1. Overwatering

One of the most common problems with African violets is overwatering. African violets prefer moist soil, but if it stays too wet for too long, it can lead to root rot and other issues. Signs of overwatering include yellow leaves, wilted leaves, and a musty smell from the soil.

Solution: Water your African violets only when the top inch of the soil feels dry. Ensure the pot has drainage holes, and use a well-draining potting mix. If you notice signs of overwatering, reduce watering and allow the soil to dry out before watering again.

The best method for watering African violets is to use a self-watering planter to avoid overwatering. Self-watering planters are the best method for watering African violets. On Planterhoma, you can choose from a variety of self-watering planters.

2. Underwatering.

On the other hand, underwatering can also be a problem for African violets. If the soil becomes too dry, the plant can wilt, and the leaves can become crispy and brown.

Solution: Water your African violets when the top inch of the soil feels dry to the touch. Be sure to water deeply to ensure the roots are getting enough moisture. You can also mist the leaves to increase humidity around the plant.

3. Sunburn

African violets prefer bright, indirect light, but too much sun can cause their leaves to scorch and turn brown. This is known as sunburn.

Solution: To prevent sunburn, place your African violet in a location that receives bright, indirect light for a few hours each day. Avoid placing it in direct sunlight, especially during the hottest day.

4. Pests

African violets can be susceptible to pests such as cyclamen mites, mealybugs, and thrips. These pests can cause damage to the leaves and flowers and spread to other plants in your home.

Solution: Regularly inspect your African violets for signs of pests; if you notice pests, isolate the plant and treat it with an insecticidal soap or neem oil.

5. Lack of blooms

Generally, suppose you do not see any African violet flower coming from your African violet. In that case, it can be due to a lack of light, insufficient temperature, inadequate humidity, and the fact that the plant is not receiving enough light.

Solution: Keep your African violets in a room with a consistent temperature between 65-80°F. Avoid placing them near drafts or heating/cooling vents.

Overall, African violets are beautiful and easy-to-care-for plants, but they require attention to avoid common problems. Following these solutions can help your African violets thrive and enjoy their gorgeous blooms for years.


taking care of African violets can be a rewarding experience for any indoor gardener. By providing the proper amount of light, water, and nutrients, these beautiful plants can thrive and bloom for years. Remember to watch for common pests and diseases and clean and prune your plants to keep them healthy regularly. With a little patience and effort, you can enjoy the beauty of African violets in your home for years.


1. How Often Should You Water an African Violet?

African violets should be watered thoroughly when the top inch of soil feels dry, usually every 5-7 days.

2. Where is the Best Place to Put an African Violet?

The best place to put an African violet is in a location that receives bright, indirect sunlight, such as a north or east-facing window.

3. How Do I Get My African Violet to Bloom Again?

You must provide the right conditions for your African violet to bloom again. Make sure it is getting enough light, but not direct sunlight. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged.

Use a balanced fertilizer. Remove dead leaves or flowers regularly, and prune back the plant if it gets too leggy. With proper care, your African violet should start blooming again soon.

4. How Do You Take Care of African Violets Indoors?

To take care of African violets indoors, keeping them in a well-lit area but not direct sunlight is important. Water them regularly, but be careful not to get water on the leaves or crown, as this can cause damage.

Use a potting mix designed for African violets and fertilize them during the growing season. Additionally, make sure to keep the temperature consistent and avoid placing them near cold drafts or hot radiators.

5. Why is My African Violet Dying?

There are several reasons why an African violet may be dying, including over or under-watering, improper lighting, pest infestations, and disease. It is important to assess each of these factors and make adjustments accordingly. Ensure the plant receives the right amount of water, is placed in a location with appropriate lighting, and is free from pests or diseases.

Read More

How to Grow and Care for Calathea Plant

Leave a comment

Please note, comments must be approved before they are published

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.